foc
《中国植物志》英文修订版
Flora of China
  FOC Vol.19 (2011)              | Family List  Carlemanniaceae  PDF     |  eFloras.org Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   4. Carlemanniaceae  
香茜科   xiang qian ke
  
Authors:Authors: Tao Chen & Anthony R. Brach

  

Perennial herbs, shrubs, or subshrubs, often somewhat fleshy; stems with interpetiolar line. Leaves opposite, petiolate, simple, estipulate, ± asymmetric, dentate or crenate-serrate. Flowers bisexual, slightly zygomorphic, in terminal or axillary cymes or corymbs, sometimes heterostylous. Calyx tube adnate to ovary, 4- or 5-lobed; lobes ± unequal. Corolla 4- or 5-lobed; lobes imbricate or induplicate-valvate. Stamens 2, inserted at middle of corolla tube; filaments short; anthers linear-oblong, opening laterally by slits, connivent around style. Disk well developed, conical or cylindrical. Ovary inferior, 2-loculed, each locule with ovules many (30-100) in axile to basal placentation. Fruit a 2-loculed, dry or fleshy capsule, 2- or 5-valvate; calyx lobes persistent. Seeds many (30-100), ovoid, smooth, with endosperm ± fleshy.

Two genera and five species: tropical Asia; two genera and three species in China.

Although previously treated in FRPS within the Rubiaceae, the Carlemanniaceae is treated separately here (see APG, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: 531-553. 1998; M. Thiv in Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 7: 57-59. 2004). It has also been included by various authors in the Caprifoliaceae.

Although previously treated in FRPS within the Rubiaceae, the Carlemanniaceae is treated separately here (see APG, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: 531-553. 1998; M. Thiv in Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 7: 57-59. 2004). It has also been included by various authors in the Caprifoliaceae.

  
1Herbs; leaves distinctly crenate-serrate; flowers 4-merous, arranged in loose corymbose inflorescences; calyx lobes imbricate; fruit a 2-valved dry capsule.1  Carlemannia    香茜属
+Shrubs; leaves often slightly irregular and shallowly dentate; flowers 4- or 5-merous, congested in dense subglobose inflorescence; calyx lobes induplicate-valvate; fruit a 5-valved fleshy capsule.2  Silvianthus    蜘蛛花属
   
   Lower Taxon
  • Carlemannia  Bentham  香茜属
  • Silvianthus  J. D. Hooker  蜘蛛花属