foc
《中国植物志》英文修订版
Flora of China
  FOC Vol.19 (2011)              | Family List  Morinaceae  PDF     |  eFloras.org Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   18. Morinaceae  
刺参科   ci shen ke
  
Authors:Authors: Deyuan Hong & Fred R. Barrie

  

Herbs, perennial, caudexes usually covered with remnants of old leaf bases. Leaves opposite or verticillate; petioles often amplexicaul at base, forming a sheath. Flowers hermaphroditic, zygomorphic, in verticillasters or subcapitate to capitate heads. Involucel (epicalyx) of 4 fused bracteoles, with several to numerous spiny teeth or setae, 12-veined. Calyx fissured along ventral side, or 2-lipped. Corolla tubular; limb 5-lobed, scarcely to markedly 2-lipped. Stamens 4, all fertile, or 2 fertile plus 2 staminodes; anthers introrse, 2-celled, opening longitudinally. Ovary of 3 carpels, inferior, 1-locular, 6-veined, adnate to calyx tube; style 1, slender; stigma simple; ovules solitary, pendulous. Fruit an achene, enclosed in involucel and surmounted with persistent calyx.

Two genera and ca. 13 species: SE Europe to the Himalaya and SW China; two genera and ten species (four endemic) in China.

Hsing Chi-hua. 1986. Morina. In: Lu An-ming & Chen Shu-kun, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 73(1): 48-56.

Hsing Chi-hua. 1986. Morina. In: Lu An-ming & Chen Shu-kun, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 73(1): 48-56.

  
1Fertile stamens 4; calyx limb oblique; fertile stems always coming from below rosettes; plants not thistlelike.1  Acanthocalyx    刺续断属
+Fertile stamens 2; calyx limb 2-lipped; fertile stems not from below rosettes; plants thistlelike.2  Morina    刺参属
   
   Lower Taxon
  • Acanthocalyx  (Candolle) Tieghem  刺续断属
  • Morina  Linnaeus  刺参属