foc
《中国植物志》英文修订版
Flora of China
  FOC Vol.7 (2008)              | Family List  Papaveraceae  PDF     |  eFloras.org Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   9. Papaveraceae  
罂粟科   ying su ke
  
Authors:Authors: Mingli Zhang, Zhiyun Su, Magnus Lidén & Christopher Grey-Wilson

  

Herbs, annual, biennial, monocarpic perennial, perennial, or shrubby. Laticifers or elongated idioblasts present. Leaves alternate or in a basal rosette, rarely opposite or whorled, usually without stipules; leaf blade entire to compound. Inflorescences racemes, panicles, dichasia, pseudoumbels, or solitary flowers. Flowers actinomorphic, bisymmetric, or zygomorphic, always bisexual, usually 2-merous, rarely 3- or 4-merous. Calyx caducous, green or petaloid. Corolla choripetalous or quasi-sympetalous, very rarely absent. Anthers opening by slits. Ovary superior, syncarpous with 2 to several carpels; placentation parietal.

Forty genera and ca. 800 species: mainly in the N Hemisphere of both the Old and New Worlds, extending into Central and South America, a few in Africa; 19 genera (one endemic, two introduced) and 443 species (295 endemic, five introduced, one requiring verification) in China.

Many species are used medicinally due to the high content of alkaloids.

Many species are used medicinally due to the high content of alkaloids.

  
1Laticifers present; sap watery or milky; sepals green, entire, enclosing corolla in bud, imbricate or (in Eschscholzia) fused into a caducous hood; corolla actinomorphic, with (0-)4-8 (rarely more) petals; petals all similar, flat, imbricate and crumpled 1  Papaveraceae subfam. Papaveroideae    罂粟亚科
+Laticifers lacking; sap watery, but sometimes colored; sepals usually petaloid, not enclosing petals in bud; corolla bisymmetric or zygomorphic; petals 4 in 2 very dissimilar whorls, with wings, crests, and/or spurs, pairwise valvate in bud; androecium of2  Papaveraceae subfam. Fumarioideae    荷包牡丹亚科
   
   List of lower taxa