foc
《中国植物志》英文修订版
Flora of China
  FOC Vol.7 (2008)              | Family List  Schisandraceae  PDF     |  eFloras.org Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   3. Schisandraceae  
五味子科   wu wei zi ke
  
Authors:Authors: Xia Nianhe, Liu Yuhu, Liu Yuhu & Richard M. K. Saunders

  

Vines, woody, monoecious or dioecious. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate or ± clustered, simple, petiolate. Flowers axillary to leaves on ultimate branches or in axils of fugacious bracts near base of ultimate shoots, generally solitary but occasionally in pairs or clusters to 8, unisexual, hypogynous, with few to numerous parts generally spirally arranged, pedunculate. Perianth segments not as separate sepals and petals, distinct, outermost and innermost sometimes reduced. Staminate flowers: stamens 4-80, ± distinct, distinct but basally connate, or connate as a fleshy synandrium or tightly compressed; anthers basifixed (except Schisandra plena), thecae dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Pistillate flowers: carpels 12 to ca. 300, developmentally conduplicate; stigmatic crest as unvascularized "pseudostyle," sometimes modified as peltate "pseudostigma"; ovary unilocular; ovules 2-5(-11) per ovary, anatropous, ventrally attached or pendulous, 2-tegmic, crassinucellar. Fruit aggregates of apocarps; receptacle ellipsoid or elongate; apocarps with fleshy pericarp. Seeds 1-5(or more) per apocarp, ventrally attached or pendulous, laterally flattened; endosperm copious, oily.

Two genera and 39 species: mainly in E and SE Asia but one species of Schisandra in North America; two genera and 27 species (16 endemic) in China.

Law Yuwu. 1996. Schisandreae. In: Law Yuwu, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 30(1): 231-269, 271-273.

Law Yuwu. 1996. Schisandreae. In: Law Yuwu, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 30(1): 231-269, 271-273.

  
1Androecium of distinct stamens not compressed into androecial mass(2)
+Androecium of distinct but highly compressed stamens or of connate stamens in a fleshy androecial mass(3)
   
2(1)Apex of androecium with variable number of staminodes or occasionally staminodes absent; pollen 6-colpate.1  Kadsura    南五味子属
+Apex of androecium without staminodes; pollen 3-colpate.2  Schisandra    五味子属
   
3(1)Stamens distinct but highly compressed.1  Kadsura    南五味子属
+Stamens connate into a fleshy androecial mass.2  Schisandra    五味子属
   
   Lower Taxon
  • Kadsura  Jussieu  南五味子属
  • Schisandra  Michaux  五味子属