foc
《中国植物志》英文修订版
Flora of China
  FOC Vol.23 (2010)              | Family List  Typhaceae  PDF     |  eFloras.org Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   21. Typhaceae  
香蒲科   xiang pu ke
  
Authors:Authors: Kun Sun & David A. Simpson

  

Herbs, perennial, aquatic or in marshes, with creeping rhizomes. Stems simple or branched, robust or slender. Leaves alternate, distichous, erect, emergent or floating, sheathed at base. Plants monoecious. Bracts leaflike. Inflorescence either of globose heads on upper part of stems and branches with several male and female heads in a panicle, raceme, or spike, male heads above female, or of a single cylindric spike with lower part female and upper part male. Flowers minute, numerous. Perianth segments of 3-6 chaffy elongate scales or absent. Male flowers with 1 or more stamens; anthers basifixed, longitudinally dehiscent. Female flowers bracteolate or with fine hairs at base; ovary 1-loculed, rarely 2-loculed, narrow at base or on a long capillary stalk; styles simple or forked; stigma unilateral, broadened or spatulate; ovule 1. Fruit minute, nutlike, indehiscent, falling off together with stalk if present. Seeds with thin testa.

Two genera and ca. 35 species: tropical and temperate regions; two genera and 23 species (six endemic) in China.

Chen Yaodong. 1992. Typhaceae and Sparganiaceae. In: Sun Xiangzhong, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 8: 1-12, 23-31.

Chen Yaodong. 1992. Typhaceae and Sparganiaceae. In: Sun Xiangzhong, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 8: 1-12, 23-31.

  
1Male and female flowers in separate globose heads.1  Sparganium    黑三棱属
+Flowers in a dense cylindric spike, lower part female and upper part male, sometimes separated by a gap.2  Typha    香蒲属
   
   Lower Taxon
  • Sparganium  Linnaeus  黑三棱属
  • Typha  Linnaeus  香蒲属